The construction industry has always had a disproportionately high level of fatalities, major injuries and incidents of ill-health when compared with other industries. In 1992 it was identified that there was a need to reduce risk by better co-ordination, management and co-operation between all parties involved in construction and the Temporary or Mobile Construction Sites Directive was adopted. This led to the introduction of the original Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 1994 (CDM 1994).
Concerns were raised from within the construction industry and the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) that CDM 1994 was not delivering the health and safety improvements that were expected of it. After extensive consultation, The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 (CDM 2007) came into effect in April 2007. These regulations revised and brought together the CDM 1994 Regulations and the Construction (Health Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996 into a single package.
Following a review of the Regulations in 2010, it was found that although they showed a general improvement over CDM 1994, there were concerns remaining around the areas of competence assessment, coordination and bureaucracy. Therefore, in 2011, it was agreed that a simplification and rationalisation of the CDM package was needed and which would be primarily based on the requirements of the Temporary or Mobile Construction Sites Directive (TMCSD).
In April 2015, the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 were introduced, which are aimed at ousting bad practice, poor design and the incompetent Contractor, as well as the introduction of other duty holders.
CDM 2015 places duties on all parties who contribute to the health and safety of a construction project and now also includes domestic projects. Clients, Designers, Principal Designers, Principal Contractors, Contractors, Workers and the self-employed all have duties under the Regulations.